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Tuesday, May 26, 2009

What is a Giclée?

What is a Giclée?



GIclée printing has been most commonly used for the reproduction of art. This is, by far, the closest piece of art to an original one. Different from the traditional lithographic print, which is commonly printed with an offset printer, Giclée prints are literarily squirted or sprayed with vivid color inks intelligently through the nuzzles of and ink-yet printer designed for that use. The quality of print results in a gamut of vibrant colors that penetrate the fibers of the media fusing into a perfect archival chemistry.





One of the advantages of Giclee making is for those artists who are interested on reproducing their art into limited edition prints. Some artists don't want to sell their original pieces so making giclée prints out of them gives them the advantage to share and make their art available to buy. Museums also use the giclée process for conservation purposes. They display the giclée print of  any original piece that might be out of the collection or in conservation maintenance. So the giclée process is available for uses and needs of all kinds.


The greatest advantage of a giclée print for art reproduction is that you are most likely to get a super close result to it's original (if the digital image comes from an original painting), not only in color fidelity but in medias as well thanks to the digital advantages for edits and the proofing methods. If you have an oil painting and you would like to get reproductions from it, you can get those giclée prints made on canvas! The same applies to watercolor paintings, you can get the giclée prints of a watercolor printed on fine art paper with texture or smooth surfaces that resembles the original. The possibilities are endless and you will never ever, compromise quality. And the great news is that the inks and surfaces are 100% archival.


Fine art prints of original digital art and digital photography can be made using the giclée printing process as well. Products, such as, greeting cards, bookmarks and any other form of stationary can also be made using the same process but keep in mind that these will be considered as fine art prints and the cost of making them is higher than the same products printed with regular offset printing, and of course, the quality will also be higher due to the archival property of the materials used. 


A true giclée print is made with archival inks and medias of museum quality.


Be aware that giclée printing is an extremely detailed and delicate labor and that there are many places who think they make giclée prints but they don't. Giclée printing is not "Fast Art" , it is not easy nor fast to make. I use the same concept of food quality to illustrate what I'm trying to say; fast foods are of less quality and poor nutrition compared to home made or slower cooking foods in restaurants, which ingredients are fresh, and the cook puts time into a great meal, different from fast food which is made in seconds with processed ingredients. 


Giclée services are not cheap, therefore it is important to select a good source for this service to make your investment worth the money. If you ever own a giclée print well made, you will enjoy it for about 95 years or so. Due to the archival advantage in materials, giclée colors will look as vivid through all the years as when you first saw them; if proper care is given, that is. For canvas prints it is recommended to be either stretched or mounted on acid free surface and for prints made on fine art paper it is recommended to be mounted behind glass using Acid free materials as well.     


The process of giclee printing may vary and can be subdivided into many steps due to it's complexity, but briefly and simplified, the big steps usually occur like follows:




1- Capturing the image - Digitalization 



For the capture of an original art piece, devises such as, drum scanners, flat bed scanners, camera backs, can be used. Sometimes a professional digital camera can work fine. It all depends on factors such as, the size of the original art piece and the desired size of the reproductions. I would always strive for the most professional choice of input for best output results. The digital format of the capture can be saved as tif, jpg, pdf, etc. I personally prefer .tif For it's high digital quality. The image should be on hight resolution of at least 300 dpi, ideally. For digital art and digital photography, this step is not necessary since the image is already digital. 




2- Digital Imaging - color correction 



This step consists in correcting the digital image in the computer against the original art piece (if available), making adjustments in color, dusting and cleaning up the image, and if needed or requested, retouching and enhancements can be also made. For digital art and digital photography, this step could be useful to retouch, refine and enhance the existing image and give it that extra special look. Digital imaging software and computer tools are used in this process, along with proper monitor calibration and color profiles. 

Color correcting is time consuming and can take many hours of interrupted work.




3-Proofing



Once the image is cleaned up and corrected, it's time for testing. This can be the most tedious and challenging part of all giclée making steps, specially if the digital artist and the client are too meticulous to let a small detail pass. Proofing means going through a series of tests prints in small scale with small color variations, then compared to each other and against the original (if available). This can take as little or as many proofs until you finally achieve the best match. In proofing we are looking for things like color fidelity, resolution quality and visual aspects that will give you a glance of the final print you are looking for. 


As you can imagine, this process far from being tedious and time consuming is very expensive as materials such as, papers, canvas and inks are being used; but equally crucial and necessary if one wants to have a close result, specially in colors to those in the original art piece.




4- Printing the final prints 



After the best proof is finally chosen, it's time to print the final product. This is the best part of all, to my taste, not only for the fact that the best quality print is in place to get printed, but for the fact that an artists will soon be smiling seeing his or her giclée prints made.

Using state of the art ink-yet printers such as the marvelous Ultrachrome Epson Pro, a great museum quality print can be expected, using archival medias and high end inks. I am a fan of Epson printers for their detailed sense in color and the amazing droplet capabilities, so breath taking... 

After printing is complete, there are other tasks, such as, cutting, trimming, UV protection coating for canvas, stretching, framing, mounting, etc; but for the most part, these 4 steps are the most popular and the most relevant of the giclée making. 


Great results are achieved with dedication and passion for what you do. A museum quality giclée print is one of those things you can't make without either of these.


8 comments:

  1. I thought of sharing a little bit of what I have been doing lately. I really enjoy making giclée works. Feel free to ask me any questions :)

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  2. Thanks for this thorough explanation! I always understood that Giclee is the way to go but I was unaware of these details! Thanks :)

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  3. Thanks for your comment Esque, I am glad this article gave you a better understnding of the Giclée process in detail :)

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  4. This is very interesting. Thanks for the info!!!

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  5. Anytime Handcave! Thanks for reading!

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  6. many people don't understand giclee printing. i have a giclee printer, the epson r2400, that i use for my fine art photography. some day i hope to have a larger one....

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  7. photoadele,
    Good start! It will give you practice as you refine your giclee skills and get to know the printing side of it too.

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  8. Thanks for the post!
    Do you do your own giclee printing, or do you have a company you would recommend? I am looking to reproduce mixed media pieces on canvas as fine art prints. Any recommendations? Thanks!

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